Fear can be in the form of being alone in the dark, fear from height or any other form for that matter. Everyone experiences some type of fear. Relax, you’re not alone. According to the American Psychiatric Association, phobias are the most common psychiatric illness among women and the second most common among men. The National Institute of Mental Health suggests that phobias affect approximately 10% of U.S. adults each year.
These phobias typically emerge during childhood or adolescence and continue into adulthood. They also impact twice as many women as they do men.
However, if you have a phobia, you would experience dread or panic when faced with a specific situation or object. A specific phobia is a type of anxiety disorder defined as an extreme or irrational fear of something. Or aversion to some things. These irrational fears can interfere with personal relationships, work, and school, and can stop you from enjoying life.
Whatever the cause, phobias are treatable conditions that can be minimized and even eliminated with cognitive and behavioural techniques and medication. Some phobias are as under:
Because of climatic changes and its effects, we see fear for consequences of climate change being so common. Eco anxiety is observed more in the younger generation. They go through full-blown panic attacks at the thought of global warming and emptying our natural resources.
Being in the era of high connectedness, there is a common fear of being uneasy or distracted when you don’t have your phone around or you mistakenly missed it at home.
But if you are feeling uneasy and sweaty just thinking about your missed calls and texts, you might be suffering from nomophobia. Nomophobia is an intense fear of being without your mobile device.
Food neophobia is a fear of trying new food. It is becoming noticeable due to its common presentation in young children. It is different from fussy eating as fussy eaters do not eat even the common and tried foods.
It is a big word which means a fear of social media or more psychologically it is the fear of being judged. It is also a fear of being constantly scrutinized by friends or strangers alike.
Inputs from Dr Sapna Bangar, Head, Mpower – The Centre, Mumbai